Anderson Shelters: Makers' Marks
Here are photos of nine marks or stamps of companies that were authorised by the Home Office ("HO") to supply corrugated iron for Anderson shelters. See the note at the bottom of the page for information about where the marks were found.
The Star and Crescent mark is particularly interesting because it includes the word GALVANINED - which appears to be a misprint of GALVANISED. However, I am grateful to Harry Coates who has explained that, although galvanised is the more familiar UK spelling of the word, it has sometimes been spelt with a 'z' in the UK - for instance in an article by Leeds Galvanising. But why substitute an 'N' for a 'Z'? The answer - again from Harry Coates - is that printers of all sorts often improvised when it came to letters (such as the rarely used Z) that were not available for block printing. And because the word is written in an arc, the typesetter would have thought it acceptable to use an "N" instead of a "Z". (Those interested to read more about the ingenuity of early 1900s typesetters might like to look at this fascinating story about the printing of the Declaration of Irish Independence during the 1916 Easter Rising.)
It is interesting that the word Best appears in two of the stamps, and it was also found in 2016 on a roof in Adelaide, South Australia - see photo on right. The corrugated iron was brought out from the UK as valuable ballast in ships that would return with Australian produce. The house was built in around 1902 although the iron may have been added in a subsequent re-roofing. Other iron on the same roof was made by another UK company - John Lysaght & Co. Sue Pentelow (and I) would be very pleased to hear from anyone who can provide any further information about the BEST company and/or this export trade.
Please do email me if you find any more marks, or can add to my understanding of those already featured.
1. Best Roof Brand
2. British Make, Merino
6. DL Diamond
7. Trademark Staley
Here is a photo of one of the stamps found near Westerham in Kent.
8. Emu Best
9. Star and Crescent
See the notes at the top of this web page for an explanation of how the word GALVANISED came to be printed as GALVANINED .
The first six stamps were initially found on shelters in and around London.
The Merino stamp was also found in two shelters in Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Wales, and in a recycled shelter in Northamptonshire.
The Globe stamp was also found in a shelter in Bristol.
The seventh stamp was found not far from Stalybridge near Manchester. The name may therefore be a reference to the Staley, or Staley Bridge, Ironworks. But it was also found on a re-erected shelter in Kent.
The eighth - featuring a rather fetching Emu - was in a shelter in Storridge on the Worcestershire/Herefordshire border.
A number of shelters were recycled for use by farmers after the war, and some are still used - for instance as covers under which pheasants can lay their eggs. Stamps on sheets found in Norfolk include the Merino ram, Trademark Staley, Target, Emu, Fountain, Globe, and Best Roof, as well as a the ninth mark - the Star and Crescent - not yet found elsewhere.